Improvement of the environmental quality of the waters

Water Observatory

The achievement of the good status of rivers includes both having adequate liquid and solid (sediments) flows to maintain aquatic ecosystems and good water quality. This quality can be affected by the effluents of urban and industrial wastewater treatment plants, agricultural and livestock activities and by the lack of sufficient flows due to the intensive use of water resources.

On the other hand, there are few studies analysing the role of forest areas in the basin water balance that quantify the forest water demand (Salmoral et al., 2011Willaarts, 2012). This information is very useful for water management at the basin level, since there is ample evidence confirming that land-use changes and, in particular, the changes in the extent and coverage of forest uses can modify the forest water demand and in consequence the water supply and availability.

Currently, the Water Observatory analyses the pollutant assimilation processes associated with urban effluents in rivers and the implementation of environmental flow regimes in Spain. A better understanding of these processes will help define the actions that prevent the degradation or facilitate the recovery of the good status of rivers.


Programmes

Other programmes

Discover other programs related to this section

Ethics of water and transparency of information

Ethics of water and transparency of information

The relevance of ethical issues in water policy has always been present in the activities of the WO. For instance, a chapter is devoted to the topic in the book of Llamas and Hernández-Mora (2001).

Groundwater

Groundwater

The Water Observatory analyses groundwater from an inter and multidisciplinary perspective, looking primarily, not at the classical hydrogeology and groundwater hydrology, but giving great weight to economic, environmental, legal and social aspects.

Water-energy nexus

Water-energy nexus

Water, energy and land, which are increasingly under pressure, are fundamental to human development and wellbeing.

Challenges and paradigms in water management

Challenges and paradigms in water management

The numerous works in relation to the Spanish situation show that the widespread idea of water scarcity in Spain is to a large extent an obsolete hydromyth.

Bringing society closer to sustainable water management

Bringing society closer to sustainable water management

The Water Observatory has always tried to disseminate innovative advances on the water management problems.

Water footprint and environmental sustainability related to food consumption and agricultural production

Water footprint and environmental sustainability related to food consumption and agricultural production

Sustainable consumption and production is one of the main challenges for humanity and an important part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations.